Biography

Iron Lady Indira Gandhi Biography

Indira Gandhi became the third Prime Minister of India and she emerged as the only woman Prime Minister of India. She became the second longest serving Prime Minister after her father. Many people believe that she was the strongest Prime Minister of India.

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Indira Gandhi was a member of the Indian National Congress and was elected to the post of Prime Minister for the first time in 1966, soon after the death of Lal Bahadur Shastri. As a Prime Minister, she took charge of the country from 1966 to 1977 and from 1980 to 1984.

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Indira Gandhi was the first woman Prime Minister of independent India who formed the government in India and gave a new direction to the whole of India under her leadership. After Indira Gandhi, no woman has become the Prime Minister of India in the 76 years of independence.

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Early life of Indira Gandhi

Indira Gandhi was born in Allahabad on 19 November 1917 in the house of Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of India. She was the daughter of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru. Her mother’s name was Kamala Nehru who was a leader of the Indian National Congress as well as a freedom fighter.

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Indira Gandhi was born into a political family due to which she had amazing political foresight. Indira Gandhi was one of the greatest leaders of India who also did many big things as the Prime Minister of India.

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Early education of Indira Gandhi

She completed her early education at St. Cecilia, a modern school in Delhi, and St. Mary’s Convent in Allahabad. Apart from this, she also completed her studies at the International School of Geneva and Ecole Novel in Bex, Pupils on School in Bombay and Pune.

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After that, she went with her mother to Belur Math, the headquarters of Ramakrishna Mission. There she completed her education in Shantiniketan.

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She met Rabindranath Tagore in Shantiniketan and Rabindranath Tagore gave her the name Priyadarshini, after which people also came to know Indira Gandhi as Indira Priyadarshini Tagore.

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After this, she was admitted to Oxford University in England and completed her studies, and later returned to India. After returning to India, she married Feroze Gandhi in the year 1942 and they had two sons, Sanjay Gandhi and Rajiv Gandhi.

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Political career

In the early days, in the year the 1950s, he worked as his father’s assistant on an informal basis. Seeing his dedication and hard work, he became a member of the Congress Working Committee in the year 1955 and in 1959 he was elected as the President of the party.

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After the death of Jawaharlal Nehru in 1964, Indira Gandhi was made the Minister of Broadcasting and Information in the cabinet led by Lal Bahadur Shastri.

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After the death of Lal Bahadur Shastri in 1966, Indira Gandhi was elected as the Prime Minister by the Congress legislators in place of Morarji Desai.

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Journey to become Prime Minister

Many members of the Congress party believed that Indira Gandhi was a woman and hence she would be weak and could be easily used as a puppet.

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But Indira Gandhi’s policy decisions and her leadership made her known as the most popular Prime Minister in the entire history of Indian politics.

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Many of her decisions like the Green Revolution, the Indo-Pak war, anti-poverty measures, and helping in liberating Bangladesh made her very popular among the people of India.

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Strong decisions of Indira Gandhi

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War with Pakistan and the foundation of Bangladesh

Since the independence of India, the conflict between India and Pakistan has always been going on. Due to Pakistan’s occupation policy, many Bengali refugees started fleeing from Pakistan and coming to India.

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Pakistan was being supported by America, but still Indira Gandhi was not afraid of this and she ordered to attack on East Pakistan. During the attack, she named the area in which she liberated Bangladesh and gave full support to its formation.

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Nationalization of banks

In the year 1966, there were only 500 bank branches in India. In such a situation, no common man could deposit his money in the bank.

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To extend the benefits of banks to all sections of India, Indira Gandhi decided to nationalize the banks. This important decision of hers led to the immense development of the country.

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Operation ‘Blue Star’

During the 1980s, extremism was increasing rapidly in the country. The demand for Khalistan under the leadership of General Singh Bhindranwal started increasing rapidly.

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Then an important decision was taken by Prime Minister Indira Gandhi to suppress the movement, under which she gave the green signal to Operation Blue Star to stop the Khalistani terrorists.

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Division of Congress

The leaders in the Congress party who were against Indira Gandhi had understood that she was not a dumb doll or an ordinary woman but it was very difficult to stop her in the field of politics.

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When the Congress Syndicate started preparing to remove Indira Gandhi from the post of Prime Minister, Indira Gandhi took the most daring decision in politics by dividing the Congress party.

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1974 Pokhran Explosion

It was said that Indira Gandhi was the only man in the cabinet. In the year 1974, the first nuclear explosion was carried out in Pokhran under the leadership of Indira Gandhi which shocked the whole world.

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Under the leadership of Indira Gandhi, a power had emerged in South Asia that no other person could look at with raised eyes. Indira Gandhi had become synonymous with patriotism for the whole country.

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Assassination of Indira Gandhi

In the year 1984, the Golden Temple of Amritsar was captured by extremists under the leadership of Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale who were demanding an independent state for all Sikhs.

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Indira Gandhi sent her army to control the situation but this resulted in a lot of bloodshed and the people of the Sikh community became very angry. As a result, on 31 October 1984, Indira Gandhi was assassinated outside her house by her two bodyguards so that they could take revenge for what happened in the Golden Temple.

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Conclusion

Indira Gandhi was the first woman Prime Minister of the country and the third Prime Minister. As the Prime Minister of the country, Indira Gandhi was a leader who did many important works in the interest of the country and showed a new world to the Indians through her policy decisions and leadership. Due to her works, even today people know her as an ideal and popular leader. Even due to her decisions, she is also known as the Iron Lady of the country.

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